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Anaphylaxis avoidance and management: educating patients and their caregivers

Authors Järvinen KM, Celestin J

Received 27 February 2014

Accepted for publication 12 April 2014

Published 10 July 2014 Volume 2014:7 Pages 95—104

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JAA.S48611

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3


Kirsi M Järvinen, Jocelyn Celestin

Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Medicine, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY, USA

Abstract: Anaphylaxis is an increasingly prevalent problem in westernized countries. Therefore, it is of utmost importance that the increasing numbers of patients at risk for anaphylaxis receive proper education on the etiology and risk factors as well as appropriate treatment of anaphylaxis with epinephrine. The physician's role is crucial in order to educate the patients and care takers on effective measures to prevent anaphylaxis and empower them to take charge of early recognition and proper management of an anaphylactic reaction to prevent poor outcomes. This review summarizes the clinical presentation, triggers, avoidance, and management of anaphylaxis.

Keywords: food allergy, drug allergy, Hymenoptera, latex

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