Analysis of the Public Health Functions of the Chinese Government in the Prevention and Control of COVID-19
Authors Zhang P
Received 1 October 2020
Accepted for publication 5 January 2021
Published 22 January 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 237—246
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Professor Marco Carotenuto
School of Labor and Human Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
Correspondence: Pengfei Zhang
School of Labor and Human Resources, No. 59, Zhongguancun Street, Beijing 100872, People’s Republic of China
Background: The focus of the study is to assess the defects of the public health functions of the Chinese government in the prevention and control of COVID-19 and to explore ways to improve the public health functions of the Chinese government.
Methods: This study adopted a qualitative design. A logical framework based on the theoretical underpinning of public health functions of the government in the prevention and control of a major public health crisis was constructed. We compared the public health functions of the Chinese government and the effectiveness of these functions for COVID-19.
Results: The defects of the public health functions of the Chinese government in the prevention and control of COVID-19 include a lack of crisis prediction, initiative and timeliness in crisis early warning functions; weak crisis security functions; and a lack of functions for handling the aftermath. The Chinese government should improve its crisis early warning functions, strengthen its crisis security functions, and establish functions for handling the aftermath.
Conclusion: The defects of the public health functions of the Chinese government in the prevention and control of COVID-19 can provide referential value for other countries. Especially, by continuously improving the construction of standard pandemic early warning procedures and regulations, optimizing the pandemic treatment system, and strengthening the fairness and accessibility of medical services, countries with severe pandemic situations may be able to reduce the impact of COVID-19 on public health more efficiently.
Keywords: COVID-19, public health functions, prevention and control, defects
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