Analysis of the Financial Impact of Using Cangrelor on the Safety and Efficacy Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Whom Oral Therapy with P2Y12 Inhibitors is Not Feasible or Desirable, in Spain
Authors Lizano-Díez I, Paz Ruiz S
Received 4 November 2020
Accepted for publication 1 January 2021
Published 27 January 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 77—87
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 4
Editor who approved publication: Professor Samer Hamidi
Irene Lizano-Díez,1 Silvia Paz Ruiz2
1Ferrer, Barcelona, Spain; 2SmartWorking4U SLU, Benicàssim, Spain
Correspondence: Irene Lizano-Díez
Ferrer, Av Diagonal 549, Barcelona 08029, Spain
Tel +34 93 600 37 00
Purpose: Cangrelor is an intravenous, direct-acting, reversible P2Y12 inhibitor indicated for the reduction of thrombotic cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in whom oral P2Y12 inhibitors are not feasible or desirable. The objective was to assess the financial impact of introducing cangrelor into the hospital formulary in Spain.
Patients and Methods: A budget impact model was developed to calculate the cost difference between two scenarios (without and with cangrelor) to treat CAD patients undergoing PCI in whom oral P2Y12 inhibitors are not feasible or desirable, over 3 years. Intravenous P2Y12 inhibitor (cangrelor), oral P2Y12 inhibitors (clopidogrel, prasugrel, and ticagrelor), and glycoprotein IIb-IIIa inhibitors (GPIs) for bail-out use were considered. Epidemiological, efficacy (thrombotic events including cardiac death), safety (bleeding events), and costs (€, 2019) data were based on Spanish registries, clinical trials, and meta-analyses. One-way sensitivity analysis established the effect of uncertainty on results.
Results: For years 1, 2, and 3, the target population to receive cangrelor was 607, 1,822, and 3,340 patients, and cangrelor uptake was 23.70%, 58.30%, and 51.30%, respectively. The 3-year budget impact was 1,021,717€ varying from 50,245€ in year 1 to 599,272€ in year 3. The results were sensitive to the number of patients treated with GPIs in Spanish hospitals.
Conclusion: Based on our results, the financial effort needed to introduce the use of cangrelor in patients undergoing PCI in whom antiplatelet therapy with oral P2Y12 inhibitors is not feasible or desirable barely exceeds one million € over three years, in Spain.
Keywords: P2Y12 inhibitors, cangrelor, percutaneous coronary intervention, budget impact
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