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An overview of the biodynamic wine sector

Authors Castellini A, Mauracher C, Troiano S

Received 29 July 2016

Accepted for publication 22 September 2016

Published 13 February 2017 Volume 2017:9 Pages 1—11

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJWR.S69126

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Daniel Molitor

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Roger Pinder


Alessandra Castellini,1 Christine Mauracher,2 Stefania Troiano3

1Department of Agricultural Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna, Bologna, 2Department of Management, University Ca’ Foscari of Venice, Venice, 3Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Udine, Udine, Italy


Abstract: The wine industry is currently shifting toward more sustainable production practices. Due to the growing globalized wine market and the increasing environmental impacts, producers have begun to pay more attention to organic and biodynamic products. Using a systematic literature review, this review aims to investigate the biodynamic production system in the viticulture and winemaking process. In particular, the review examines, 1) the biodynamic practice and its main characteristics including the certification system; 2) the biodynamic market characteristics and the recent trends, the production costs and the marketing strategies adopted by wineries; 3) the demand attributes and wine consumers’ perception on sustainable practices and “green products” such as biodynamic products; and 4) the association between the biodynamic wine chain and the environment. The review highlights the research progress in this field and reflects on the potentiality and needs of the biodynamic viticulture and wine sector. The literature clearly indicates the lack of knowledge regarding, mainly, the biodynamic farming concept and the label. Moreover, while it is clear that consumers are willing to spend more for an organic wine than for a conventional one, there are no data about the willingness to pay for biodynamic wines. Finally, the review concludes with implications and suggestions for further research.

Keywords: biodynamic, viticulture, wine, environment, market analysis, consumer

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