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An exploratory study evaluating the effects of macular carotenoid supplementation in various retinal diseases

Authors Crosby-Nwaobi R, Hykin P, Peto T, Sivaprasad S

Received 18 December 2015

Accepted for publication 20 January 2016

Published 11 May 2016 Volume 2016:10 Pages 835—844

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S102798

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Gokcen Gökçe

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Roxanne Crosby-Nwaobi, Philip Hykin, Tunde Peto, Sobha Sivaprasad

NIHR Clinical Research Facility, NIHR Moorfields Biomedical Research Centre, London, UK

Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of daily oral supplementation with Macushield (10 mg/d meso-zeaxanthin, 10 mg/d lutein, and 2 mg/d zeaxanthin) on eye health in patients with retinal diseases by assessing the macular pigment (MP) profile, the visual function, and the quality of life.
Methods: Fifty-one patients with various retinal diseases were supplemented daily and followed up for 6 months. The MP optical density was measured using the customized heterochromatic flicker photometry and dual-wavelength autofluorescence. Visual function was evaluated by assessing the change in best corrected visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and glare sensitivity in mesopic and photopic conditions. Vision-related and general quality of life changes were determined using the National Eye Insititute- Visual Function Questionnaire-25 (NEI-VFQ-25) and EuroQoL-5 dimension questionnaires.
Results: A statistically significant increase in the MP optical density was observed using the dual-wavelength autofluorescence (P=0.04) but not with the customized heterochromatic flicker photometry. Statistically significant (P<0.05) improvements in glare sensitivity in low and medium spatial frequencies were observed at 3 months and 6 months. Ceiling effects confounded other visual function tests and quality of life changes.
Conclusion: Supplementation with the three carotenoids enhances certain aspects of visual performance in retinal diseases.

Keywords: macular pigment optical density, diabetes, central serous retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration

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