An exploration of the association between matrix reasoning and eating disturbance behavior in girls with autism spectrum disorder
Received 20 February 2018
Accepted for publication 18 April 2018
Published 23 July 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 259—266
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Professor Igor Elman
Vicki Bitsika,1 Christopher F Sharpley2
1Centre for Autism Spectrum Disorder, Bond University, Robina, QLD, Australia; 2Brain-Behaviour Research Group, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia
Background: Although there have been suggestions that central coherence may be associated with eating disturbances (EBD) in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), relatively little attention has been given to specific aspects of IQ and EDB.
Methods: The association between total IQ, perceptual and verbal composite scores and subtests was explored in a sample of 50 high-functioning girls with ASD (mean age = 9.7 years, SD = 2.4 years, range = 6 years to 14 years). Self-reports and mothers’ reports were collected about the girls’ EDB.
Results: There were only isolated associations between mothers’ data and the girls’ IQ. Selected aspects of the girls’ self-reported EDB were significantly associated with matrix reasoning.
Conclusion: The role of IQ, particularly matrix reasoning, in the assessment and treatment of EDB in girls with ASD, is highlighted by these findings.
Keywords: autism, eating disturbance, IQ, global processing
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