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An evidence-based review of linezolid for the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA): place in therapy

Authors Watkins RR, Lemonovich TL, File Jr TM

Received 9 October 2012

Accepted for publication 1 November 2012

Published 11 December 2012 Volume 2012:7 Pages 131—143

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CE.S33430

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Richard R Watkins,1 Tracy L Lemonovich,2 Thomas M File Jr3

1Division of Infectious Diseases, Akron General Medical Center, Akron, OH, USA; 2Division of Infectious Diseases and HIV Medicine, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, USA; 3Division of Infectious Diseases, Summa Health System, Akron, OH, USA

Abstract: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), including community-associated and hospital-associated strains, is a major cause of human morbidity and mortality. Treatment options have become limited due to the emergence of MRSA strains with decreased sensitivity to vancomycin, which has long been the first-line therapy for serious infections. This has prompted the search for novel antibiotics that are efficacious against MRSA. Linezolid, an oxazolidinone class of antibiotic, was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2000 for treatment of MRSA infections. Since then, there have been a multitude of clinical trials and research studies evaluating the effectiveness of linezolid against serious infections, including pneumonia (both community- and hospital-acquired), skin and soft-tissue infections such as diabetic foot ulcers, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, prosthetic devices, and others. The primary aim of this review is to provide an up-to-date evaluation of the clinical evidence for using linezolid to treat MRSA infections, with a focus on recently published studies, including those on nosocomial pneumonia. Other objectives are to analyze the cost-effectiveness of linezolid compared to other agents, and to review the pharmokinetics and pharmacodynamics of linezolid, emphasizing the most current concepts.

Keywords: linezolid, MRSA, clinical trials, pneumonia, skin infections

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