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An evaluation of two different methods of coccygectomy in patients with traumatic coccydynia

Authors Ogur HU, Seyfettinoğlu F, Tuhanioğlu Ü, Cicek H, Zohre S

Received 1 December 2016

Accepted for publication 9 March 2017

Published 12 April 2017 Volume 2017:10 Pages 881—886

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S129198

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Michael Schatman

Hasan Ulas Ogur, Firat Seyfettinoğlu, Ümit Tuhanioğlu, Hakan Cicek, Sefa Zohre

Department of Trauma and Orthopedics, Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital, Adana, Turkey

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of partial and total coccyx excisions in patients with traumatic coccydynia resistant to conservative treatment.
Patients and methods: The study included 22 patients (from a total of 27) who underwent partial or total coccygectomy because of persistent coccydynia between December 2007 and January 2014. There were 15 females and 7 males with a mean age of 33.6 years (range 23–46 years). Partial coccygectomy was performed in 14 patients and total coccygectomy in 8. They were evaluated according to their pre- and postoperative visual analog scale (VAS) scores. The mean follow-up period was 28 months (range 16–48 months).
Results: The mean VAS scores in the total excision group were 8.88±0.64 preoperatively and 2.5±2.67 at the final postoperative follow-up examination. In the partial excision group, these values were 8.79±0.89 preoperatively and 2.5±2.85 postoperatively. No statistically significant difference was determined between the two groups with respect to the mean scores (p>0.05). No rectum injury was seen in any patient. When the VAS scores of the patients were evaluated as a whole, excellent and good results were obtained in 78%. Patient satisfaction with the operation was 90%.
Conclusion: Coccyx excision is a successful treatment method in patients with long-term coccydynia who are resistant to conservative treatment. Two different surgical methods can be applied in the treatment and both of them have low complication rates and high patient satisfaction.

Keywords: partial excision, total excision, coccyx, visual analog scale

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