Back to Journals » Clinical Ophthalmology » Volume 10

Agreement of non-invasive tear break up time measurement between Tomey RT-7000 Auto Refractor-Keratometer and Oculus Keratograph 5M

Authors Lee R, Yeo S, Tun Aung H, Tong L

Received 8 April 2016

Accepted for publication 6 July 2016

Published 16 September 2016 Volume 2016:10 Pages 1785—1790


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Ryan Lee,1,2 Sharon Yeo,1 Han Tun Aung,3 Louis Tong1,2,4,5

1Ocular Surface Research Group, Singapore Eye Research Institute, 2Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, 3School of Health Sciences, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, 4Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore; 5Cornea and External Eye Disease Service, Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore

Background: It is difficult to standardize assessment of dry eye in different clinical settings. Increasingly, tear stability is recognized to be important for the definition and assessment of patients with dry eye. Recently, two commercially available instruments have been made available for objectively measuring noninvasive tear break-up time (NIBUT), as an indicator of tear stability: the Tomey RT-7000 Auto Refractor-Keratometer and Oculus Keratograph (K)5M. We aim to assess the agreement of NIBUT measurements using these modalities.
Methods: This prospective cross-sectional study was carried out in a tertiary referral eye center and involved 126 consecutive dry eye patients. NIBUT assessment was performed on the right eyes of participants with both the RT-7000 and the K5M techniques, with the order of assessment randomized. The Standardized Patient Evaluation of Eye Dryness (SPEED) questionnaires were administered to assess dry eye symptoms in the 2 weeks before assessment.
Results: The age of the participants was 56.0±14.3 years (69.84% females). Measurements for both modalities were non-normally distributed (right-skewed). The median RT-7000 and K5M readings were 4.2 (range 0.1–10.0) and 6.4 (0.1–24.9) seconds, respectively. RT-7000 and K5M readings were poorly correlated (ρ=0.061, P=0.495). Intraclass correlation coefficient between the modalities was 0.187 (95% confidence interval -0.097 to 0.406). The Bland–Altman plot showed no systematic differences between the readings with these machines. The agreement between machines was not different in different SPEED categories.
Conclusion: While there are theoretical and practical benefits of NIBUT for assessment of tear stability over dye-based methods, the agreement between the two modalities was poor. Hence, studies and trials assessing NIBUT should avoid using these modalities interchangeably for NIBUT assessment. More research is needed to improve consensus on how to determine NIBUT.

Keywords: tear break-up time, tear film, Oculus Keratograph, Tomey RT-7000, dry eye

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]