Age should not be a limiting factor in laparoscopic surgery: a prospective multicenter cohort study on quality of life after laparoscopic hysterectomy
Received 8 May 2018
Accepted for publication 17 September 2018
Published 13 December 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 2517—2526
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker
Justine M Briët,1 Marian JE Mourits,1 Barbara L van Leeuwen,2 Edwin R van den Heuvel,3 Monique JA Kenkhuis,1 Henriette JG Arts,1 Geertruida H de Bock3
1Department of Gynecologic Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands; 2Department of Surgical Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands; 3Department of Epidemiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands
Purpose: A prospective, multicenter cohort study was performed on the implementation of laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH) in the Netherlands. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of LH on quality of life (QOL) with respect to age up to 6 months postoperatively.
Patients and methods: Women with an indication for LH, either for benign conditions or early-stage low-risk endometrial cancer were included. QOL was measured before and 6 weeks and 6 months after surgery, using the 36-item Short Form Health Survey. Mean QOL values were compared to an unselected, female, Dutch reference population. A longitudinal linear mixed model was applied to assess changes in QOL over time after LH and to determine if in patients ≥65 years of age QOL scores were different.
Results: Data on 116 patients were available for analysis. The median age was 54 years at time of surgery (range 34–83) with an interquartile range of 43–65 years. Six months after LH, all QOL values were higher than before surgery and were equal to or higher than those of the reference population. Older women tend to score higher on QOL preoperatively, and these scores remain high postoperatively.
Conclusion: After LH, QOL improves. Older women report higher QOL values preoperatively and QOL is still high 6 months after the operation. Age does not confer a negative impact on QOL following LH and should not be the reason to refrain from laparoscopic surgery.
Keywords: quality of life, laparoscopic surgery, hysterectomy, elderly
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