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Adriamycin release from poly(lactide-co-glycolide)-polyethylene glycol nanoparticles: synthesis, and in vitro characterization

Authors Soodabeh Davaran, Mohammad R Rashidi, Behzad Pourabbas, Mahin Dadashzadeh, Naser Moti Haghshenas

Published 15 January 2007 Volume 2006:1(4) Pages 535—539

Soodabeh Davaran1, Mohammad R Rashidi2, Behzad Pourabbas3, Mahin Dadashzadeh3, Naser Moti Haghshenas4

1Research Center for Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 2Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Science, Tabriz, Iran; 3Nanostructured Materials Research Center, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran; 4Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Science, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract: The preparation, properties, and application in adriamycin delivery of biocompatible and biodegradable poly(lactide-co-glycolide)-polyethylene glycol (PLGA-PEG) nanoparticles are discussed. PLGA-PEG copolymers were synthesized by ring opening polymerization of the dl-lactide and glycolide in the presence of PEG1000. 1H-NMR and FT-IR spectrum were consistent with the structure of PLGA-PEG copolymers. The adriamycin-loaded nanoparticles could be prepared using a precipitation-solvent evaporation technique. The nanoparticles have been produced by a precipitation-solvent evaporation technique. The physical characteristics and drug loading efficiency of the PLGA-PEG nanoparticles were influenced by the composition of the PLGA-PEG copolymers used to prepare the nanoparticles. Particle sizes were between 65 and 100 nm for different compositions of PLGA-PEG copolymers. PLGA-PEG nanoparticles prepared from copolymers having relatively high PLGA/PEG ratios were smaller. Entrapment efficiency was 25%–33%. Adriamycin release from the nanoparticles at pH 7.4 showed an initial burst release and then sustained release phase. These results showed that PLGA-PEG nanoparticles could be an effective carrier for cancer therapy.

Keywords: adriamycin, PLGA-PEG copolymers, cancer therapy, drug delivery systems