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Acute onset of retinal detachment after posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens implantation

Authors Domènech NP, Arias L, Prades S, Pujol O, Rubio M, Caminal JM

Published 7 March 2008 Volume 2008:2(1) Pages 227—231


Núria Planas Domènech, Luís Arias, Sergi Prades, Octavi Pujol, Marc Rubio, Jose M Caminal

Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L’Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain

Case report: A 34-year-old man with severe myopia, presented with acute visual loss in his right eye. This occurred 3 hours after a posterior chamber phakic (PCP) intraocular lens (IOL) implantation, and was associated with a rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Retinal retachment surgery was performed without complications, with the outcome showing good anatomical and functional results during a 2-year follow-up period.

Discussion: Despite the fact that several authors have described retinal detachments following PCP IOL implantation in highly myopic patients, there is no evidence that this procedure increases the risk of retinal detachment in these patients. The occurrence of the retinal detachment immediately after the phakic IOL implantation supports the hypothesis that the surgical procedure could induce iatrogenic changes in patients with high myopia, which could increase the incidence of retinal detachment. In contrast to other reports, the interval between the PCP IOL implantation and the retinal detachment was only 3 hours in our patient. We believe this demonstrates the importance of performing a complete preoperative vitreoretinal examination in patients with severe myopia.

Keywords: retinal detachment, phakic intraocular lens, myopia

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