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Actinidia eriantha Polysaccharide and PD1-Antibody Combination Therapy Enhances Antitumor Efficacy in Colorectal Cancer–Xenograft Mice

Authors Li J, Wang Y, Jin W, Shen L

Received 30 November 2020

Accepted for publication 5 February 2021

Published 24 February 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 1239—1248


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Leo Jen-Liang Su

Jinxia Li,1 Yiping Wang,2 Weiyang Jin,3 Li Shen4

1College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha, 410208, People’s Republic of China; 2Key Laboratory of Digestive Pathophysiology of Zhejiang Province, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, 310006, People’s Republic of China; 3School of Life and Environmental Science, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, 311121, People’s Republic of China; 4Institute of Basic Theory of TCM, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100700, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Li Shen
Institute of Basic Theory of TCM, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100700, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86-158-5825-6870

Objective: To observe the efficacy of Actinidia eriantha polysaccharide (AEPS) combined with PD1 antibody therapy in colorectal cancer–xenograft mice.
Methods: CT26 cells were inoculated into 80 C57BL/6 mice to establish the colorectal cancer xenograft–mouse model. Mice were divided evenly into a model group, AEPS group, anti-PD1 group, and combined group. AEPS 5mL/kg•day was given orally and 10 mg/kg anti-PD1 injected intravenously for 28 days. Tumor growth and mouse survival were observed. Tumor-cell proliferation and metastasis markers Ki67, N-cadherin, KLF4, and Oct4 were detected with immunochemistry and Western blotting, T-cell infiltration in spleens and tumors was detected with MTT and flow cytometry. IFNγ and TNFα were detected with ELISA.
Results: Tumor growth was significantly retarded and survival prolonged in the AEPS, anti-PD1, and combined groups. Ki67 expression decreased in the anti-PD1 and combined groups, and N-cadherin, KLF4, and Oct4 expression decreased in the AEPS and combined groups. IFNγ and TNFα levels, T-cell infiltration in spleen, and tumor all increased distinctively in the AEPS and combined groups. The combined group showed better antitumor effects and life-extension effect than the other two groups.
Conclusion: AEPS and PD1 antibody-combination therapy can suppresses tumor growth and prolong survival of colorectal cancer–xenograft mice by regulating immunofunction, and the combined therapy showed better therapeutic efficacy than the single treatment.

Keywords: colorectal cancer, PD1 antibody, Actinidia eriantha polysaccharide, combined therapy

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