Achievement of patients’ preferences for participation in oncological symptom management and its association with perceived quality of care
Received 17 August 2018
Accepted for publication 5 November 2018
Published 31 December 2018 Volume 2019:13 Pages 83—90
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Ms Justinn Cochran
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Naifeng Liu
Cen Lin,1,2 Emma Cohen,3 Patricia M Livingston,2 Mohammadreza Mohebbi,4 Mari Botti2,5
1School of Nursing, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; 2School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC, Australia; 3Olivia Newton-John Cancer and Wellness Centre, Austin Health, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; 4Biostatistics Unit, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC, Australia; 5Deakin Centre for Quality and Safety Research – Epworth HealthCare Partnership, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
Purpose: The subjectivity of symptom experience and the recognized role of patients in symptom management highlight the need to understand cancer patients’ participation in symptom management and to identify the associations between patient participation and quality of care. However, research on patient participation has focused mostly on general healthcare activities, rather than symptom management, especially in cancer-care settings. This study aimed to compare the congruence between cancer patients’ preference for and actual perceived experience of participation in symptom management and identify the relationships between preferred and actual patient participation and perceived quality of care.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Patient preference and actual experience of participation in symptom management were evaluated with the modified Control Preference Scale among patients recruited from a specialized cancer hospital in China. Patients’ perception of quality of care was assessed with the short-form Quality from the Patient’s Perspective questionnaire.
Results: A total of 162 patients were recruited. Their mean age was 47.5±12.2 years, and 51.9% were females. Patients’ perceived actual level of participation in symptom management substantially agreed with their preference (weighted κ-coefficient 0.61, 95% CI 0.45–0.77). There was no significant difference between patients’ perception of care quality and level of preference for participation (F=0.35, P=0.722) or actual experience of participation (F=0.76, P=0.519). Higher perceptions of quality of care were found among patients whose preferred roles were achieved (P=0.007) or surpassed (P=0.045).
Conclusion: This study identified substantial agreement between patients’ preferred and actual participation, given the generally passive preference. The findings indicated that supporting patients to achieve their preferred level of participation may be more important than focusing activities on encouraging increased desire to participate for the purpose of care-quality improvement.
Keywords: decision-making, quality of care, patient participation, symptom management, survey
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