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A Strategy Study on Risk Communication of Pandemic Influenza: A Mental Model Study of College Students in Beijing

Authors Yang H, Pang X, Zheng B, Wang L, Wang Y, Du S, Lu X

Received 28 February 2020

Accepted for publication 28 July 2020

Published 4 September 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 1447—1458

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S251733

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Marco Carotenuto


Honglin Yang,1 Xiaoping Pang,2 Bo Zheng,3 Linxian Wang,4 Yadong Wang,1 Shuai Du,1 Xinyi Lu1

1School of Health Education and Administration, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, People’s Republic of China; 2Logistics Department, Da Zhou Centre Hospital, Da Zhou, Si Chuan, 635000, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Scientific Research, Beijing Children’s Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children’s Health, Beijing 100045, People’s Republic of China; 4Business School, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3XQ, UK

Correspondence: Honglin Yang Email 407457292@qq.com

Purpose: To understand the characteristics of risk perception of influenza pandemic in college students with prominent frequency and the differences between these risk perceptions and professionals. Then, offering a proposal for the government to improve the efficiency of risk communication and health education.
Methods: According to the mental model theory, researchers first draw a framework of key risk factors, and then they ask these students about the understanding of the framework with questionnaire and then making concept statistics and content analysis on the respondents’ answers.
Results: Researchers find some students’ misunderstanding of pandemic including excessive optimism to the consequences of a pandemic, a lack of detailed understanding of mitigation measures, and negative attitudes towards health education and vaccination. Most students showed incomplete and incorrect views about concepts related to the development and exposure factors, impact and mitigation measures. Once threatened, it may lead to the failure of decision-making. The majority of students we interviewed had positive attitudes towards personal emergency preparedness for a pandemic influenza and specialized health education in the future.
Conclusion: Researchers suggest that the government should make a specific pandemic guidance plan by referring to the risk cognitive characteristics of college students shown in the research results, and update the methods of health education to college students.

Keywords: risk communication, pandemic influenza, mental model, health emergency, health education

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