Back to Journals » Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology » Volume 12

A series of in vitro and human studies of a novel lip cream formulation for protecting against environmental triggers of recurrent herpes labialis

Authors Gfeller CF, Wanser R, Mahalingam H, Moore DJ, Wang X, Lin CB, Shanga G, Grove G, Rawlings AV

Received 7 July 2018

Accepted for publication 27 November 2018

Published 22 March 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 193—208


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Jeffrey Weinberg

Christoph F Gfeller,1 Rita Wanser,2 Harish Mahalingam,2 David J Moore,3 Xuying Wang,4 Connie B Lin,4 Gilbert Shanga,5 Gary Grove,6 Anthony V Rawlings7

1GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare, Medical Affairs Skin Health, Weybridge, Surrey, UK; 2GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare, Medical Affairs Skin Health, Warren, NJ, USA; 3GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare, R&D Innovation Skin Health, Weybridge, Surrey, UK; 4GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare, R&D Innovation Skin Health, Collegeville, PA, USA; 5GSK Consumer Healthcare, Biostatistics, Warren, NJ, USA; 6cyberDERM, Inc., Broomall, PA, USA; 7AVR Consulting, Ltd., Cheshire, UK

Purpose: These studies describe the testing of a novel, daily-use lip cream designed for individuals with lips prone to recurrent herpes labialis (RHL) that protects against environmental triggers.
Subjects and methods: In vitro occlusive and in vitro and in vivo photoprotection analyses, a characterization of normal vs dry lips, and a randomized, evaluator-blinded, clinical trial that assessed the lip cream in healthy subjects with dry lips were conducted. In the clinical trial, subjects applied the lip cream or were untreated and evaluated using transepidermal water loss (TEWL), corneometry, visual assessments of lip dryness, expert photographic evaluations, and subject-rated outcomes.
Results: The lip cream’s in vitro water vapor transmission rate (84.1 g/(m2 h)) indicated moderate occlusivity. The lip cream, but not placebo or control (water), reduced ultraviolet A (UVA)- and UVB-induced DNA damage, and tumor necrosis factor-α (EpiDermFT) and prostaglandin E2 release (EpiDermFT and EpiGingival™). The lip cream’s in vivo sun protection factor (SPF) was 12.2 (lower confidence limit, 11.3) and SPF/UVA protection factor ratio was 0.9. The characterization of dry vs normal lips identified differences in moisturization. In the clinical trial, the lip cream significantly decreased TEWL (difference: –7.19 [95% CI: −11.41, –2.98]; P<0.01), increased corneometry (difference: 4.62 [95% CI: 1.05, 8.19]; P<0.05), and reduced visual dryness (difference: –1.48 [95% CI: 2.24, –0.71]; P<0.001) compared to untreated subjects. Significant benefits were also observed on expert photographic assessments of scaling (difference: –0.89 [95% CI: −1.75, –0.03]; P< 0.05), cupping (difference: –1.50 [95% CI: −2.30, –0.70]; P<0.001), and healthy appearance (difference: –1.44 [95% CI: −2.29, –0.58]; P<0.01); differences in overall healthy appearance were not significant (P=0.51). Subject-rated assessments indicated improvements in cracking, dryness, and flaking in the lip cream group but worsening in untreated subjects.
Conclusion: These studies indicate that this novel, daily-use lip cream protects against UV radiation, drying, and chapping, which are established environmental RHL triggers.

Keywords: herpes simplex virus, barrier function, lip care, UV radiation

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]