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A review of gambling disorder and substance use disorders

Authors Rash C, Weinstock J, Van Patten R

Received 18 September 2015

Accepted for publication 22 December 2015

Published 17 March 2016 Volume 2016:7 Pages 3—13

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/SAR.S83460

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Thomas F. Hilton

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Li-Tzy Wu


Carla J Rash,1 Jeremiah Weinstock,2 Ryan Van Patten2

1Calhoun Cardiology Center – Behavioral Health, UConn Health, Farmington, CT, USA; 2Department of Psychology, Saint Louis University, St Louis, MO, USA

Abstract: In the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), gambling disorder was recategorized from the “Impulse Control Disorder” section to the newly expanded “Substance-related and Addictive Disorders” section. With this move, gambling disorder has become the first recognized nonsubstance behavioral addiction, implying many shared features between gambling disorder and substance use disorders. This review examines these similarities, as well as differences, between gambling and substance-related disorders. Diagnostic criteria, comorbidity, genetic and physiological underpinnings, and treatment approaches are discussed.

Keywords: pathological gambling, problem gambling, behavioral addiction, transdiagnostic factors, addiction syndrome
 

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