A novel preoperative plasma indicator to predict prognoses for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after radical esophagectomy: fibrinogen-to-lymphocyte ratio
Received 12 February 2019
Accepted for publication 23 April 2019
Published 23 May 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 4719—4728
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Beicheng Sun
Ningbo Fan,1,* Dongni Chen,1,* Jiabo Zheng,2 Zhesheng Wen,1 Peng Lin1
1Department of Thoracic Oncology, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou 510060, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510080, People’s Republic of China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Purpose: The inflammatory microenvironment and hemostatic system are involved in several stages of tumor progression. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic effect of fibrinogen-to-lymphocyte ratio (FLR) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients who underwent radical esophagectomy.
Patients and methods: We retrospectively reviewed 673 consecutive patients with ESCC who underwent radical esophagectomy from January 2009 to December 2012 at a major cancer hospital in Guangzhou, southern China. The cutoff points were defined by the X-tile software. The prognostic value of FLR for overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and first-year mortality after surgery were analyzed using Cox proportional hazard regression model and logistic regression model. Survival was estimated by the Kaplan–Meier estimator and compared using the log-rank test.
Results: The optimal cutoff point of FLR was 3.03. Compared with the FLR-low (≤3.03) group, the FLR-high (>3.03) group included older patients (χ2=7.267, P=0.007), showed higher postoperative overall morbidity (24.7% vs 14.8%, χ2=5.414, P=0.020) and tended to die within one year (23.5% vs 10.9%, χ2=10.871, P=0.001). The FLR-high group showed significant lower 5-year OS rates (41.2% vs 53.7%, log-rank=6.827, P=0.009) and 5-year DFS rates (35.3% vs 48.0%, log-rank=5.954, P=0.015) than the FLR-low group. Multivariate analyses suggested that high FLR was an independent negative predictor of OS (HR: 1.448, 95%CI: 1.073–1.952, P=0.015), DFS (HR: 1.445, 95%CI: 1.084–1.925, P=0.012) and first-year mortality (HR: 2.123, 95%CI: 1.157–3.898, P=0.015).
Conclusion: The preoperative FLR level could be used as a simple, noninvasive, inexpensive, and potentially effective indicator to evaluate the prognosis of ESCC patients following radical esophagectomy.
Keywords: esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, prognostic indicator, fibrinogen, lymphocyte
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