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131I-labeled polyethylenimine-entrapped gold nanoparticles for targeted tumor SPECT/CT imaging and radionuclide therapy

Authors Sun N, Zhao L, Zhu J, Li Y, Song N, Xing Y, Qiao W, Huang H, Zhao J

Received 1 February 2019

Accepted for publication 14 April 2019

Published 11 June 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 4367—4381


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Thiruganesh Ramasamy

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Mian Wang

Na Sun,1,* Lingzhou Zhao,1,* Jingyi Zhu,2,* Yujie Li,1 Ningning Song,1 Yan Xing,1 Wenli Qiao,1 He Huang,2 Jinhua Zhao1

1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200080, People’s Republic of China; 2State Key Laboratory of Material-Oriented Chemical Engineering, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing 211816, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Purpose: Polyethylenimine (PEI) has been widely used as a versatile template to develop multifunctional nanosystems for disease diagnosis and treatment. In this study, we manufactured iodine-131 (131I)-labeled PEI-entrapped gold nanoparticles (Au PENPs) as a novel nanoprobe for single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) imaging and radionuclide therapy.
Materials and methods: PEI was PEGylated and sequentially conjugated with Buthus martensii Karsch chlorotoxin (BmK CT, a tumor-specific ligand which can selectively bind to MMP2), 3-(4′-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid-OSu (HPAO), and fluorescein isothiocyanate to form the multifunctional PEI template for entrapment of Au NPs. Then, the PEI surface was radiolabeled with 131I via HPAO to produce the novel nanoprobe (BmK CT-Au PENPs-131I).
Results: The synthesized multifunctional Au PENPs before and after 131I radiolabeling were well-characterized as follows: structure, X-ray attenuation coefficient, colloid stability, cytocompatibility, and radiochemical stability in vitro. Furthermore, BmK CT-Au PENPs-131I were suitable for targeted SPECT/CT imaging and radionuclide therapy of tumor cells in vitro and in a xenograft tumor model in vivo.
Conclusion: The developed multifunctional Au PENPs are a promising theranostic platform for targeted imaging and treatment of different MMP2-overexpressing tumors.

Keywords: polyethylenimine, BmK CT, gold nanoparticles, SPECT/CT imaging, radionuclide therapy

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