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Vesiculobullous diseases in relation to lupus erythematosus

Authors Rutnin S, Chanprapaph K

Received 26 June 2019

Accepted for publication 13 August 2019

Published 4 September 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 653—667

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CCID.S220906

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Jeffrey Weinberg


Suthinee Rutnin, Kumutnart Chanprapaph

Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Correspondence: Kumutnart Chanprapaph
Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, 270 Rama VI Road, Ratchatewi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
Tel +66 2 201 1141
Fax +66 2 201 1211
Email kumutnartp@hotmail.com

Abstract: Vesiculobullous lesions in lupus erythematosus (LE) are a rare cutaneous manifestation of cutaneous and/or systemic LE with variable presentation. While the minor forms of LE-associated vesiculobullous disease may cause disfigurement and discomfort, the severe forms can present with hyperacute reaction and life-threatening consequences. Specific LE and aspecific cutaneous LE are defined by the presence or absence of interface change on histopathology that can be applied to vesiculobullous diseases in relation to LE. However, the diagnosis of LE-associated vesiculobullous diseases remains difficult, due to the poorly defined nosology and the similarities in clinical and immunohistopathological features among them. Herein, we thoroughly review the topic of vesiculobullous skin disorders that can be encountered in LE patients and organize them into four groups: LE-specific and aspecific vesiculobullous diseases, LE-related autoimmune bullous diseases, and LE in association to non-autoimmune conditions. We sought to provide an updated overview highlighting the pathogenesis, clinical, histological, and immunopathological features, laboratory findings, and treatments and prognosis among vesiculobullous conditions in LE.

Keywords: autoimmune blistering diseases, erythema multiforme, cutaneous lupus erythematosus, systemic lupus erythematosus, Stevens–Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis

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