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Using information and communication technology in the recovery after a coronary artery bypass graft surgery: patients’ attitudes

Authors Dale JG, Midthus E, Dale B

Received 24 May 2018

Accepted for publication 4 July 2018

Published 30 August 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 417—423


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Jan Gunnar Dale,1 Elin Midthus,2 Bjørg Dale3

1University of Agder, Institute of Health and Nursing Science, Grimstad, Norway; 2LHL Hospital Gardermoen, Jessheim, Norway; 3Centre for Care Research, Southern Norway, University of Agder, Grimstad, Norway

Background: Patients who have undergone a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery are exposed to physical and mental problems after discharge from the specialist hospital and are often in need of post-discharge support and follow-up.
Aim: This study aimed to explore the attitudes of CABG patients toward using information and communication technology (ICT) during the first year of recovery after discharge from hospital.
Methods: A cross-sectional design utilizing an electronic survey was employed. The sample consisted of 197 patients who had undergone a CABG surgery during 2015. The questionnaire included questions about follow-up needs, contacts with health professionals, use of the Internet, and attitudes toward using ICT in the recovery phase.
Results: Mean age of the participants was 67.3 years; 18.3% were women. A total of 48.2% of the patient group was satisfied with the pre-discharge information. Only 27% had contacted the hospital after discharge. Whereas 58.4% of the participants had used the Internet to acquire information, only 30.4% found this information to be useful. Many patients (40%) reported that they could benefit from online health information and Skype meetings with professionals. More than 30% reported that nutritional guidance on the Internet could be motivating for choosing healthy diets, and 42.6% reported that Internet-based illustrative videotapes could be motivating for undertaking physical training.
Conclusion: ICT can be useful and resource-saving for patients who have undergone a CABG surgery, as well as for the health care services. The technology must be appropriately tailored, with regard to content and design, to be helpful for patients.

Keywords: attitudes, cross-sectional, lifestyle changes, motivation

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