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Umeclidinium/vilanterol as step-up therapy from tiotropium in patients with moderate COPD: a randomized, parallel-group, 12-week study

Authors Kerwin EM, Kalberg CJ, Galkin DV, Zhu C, Church A, Riley JH, Fahy WA

Received 5 August 2016

Accepted for publication 20 December 2016

Published 24 February 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 745—755

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S119032

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Edward M Kerwin,1 Chris J Kalberg,2 Dmitry V Galkin,2 Chang-Qing Zhu,3 Alison Church,2 John H Riley,4 William A Fahy4

1Clinical Research Institute of Southern Oregon, Medford, OR, 2Respiratory Department, GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA; 3Clinical Statistics, GlaxoSmithKline, Stockley Park, Uxbridge, Middlesex, 4Respiratory Department, GlaxoSmithKline, Stockley Park, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UK

Introduction: Patients with COPD who remain symptomatic on long-acting bronchodilator monotherapy may benefit from step-up therapy to a long-acting bronchodilator combination. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of umeclidinium (UMEC)/vilanterol (VI) in patients with moderate COPD who remained symptomatic on tiotropium (TIO).
Methods: In this randomized, blinded, double-dummy, parallel-group study (NCT01899742), patients (N=494) who were prescribed TIO for ≥3 months at screening (forced expiratory volume in 1 s [FEV1]: 50%–70% of predicted; modified Medical Research Council [mMRC] score ≥1) and completed a 4-week run-in with TIO were randomized to UMEC/VI 62.5/25 µg or TIO 18 µg for 12 weeks. Efficacy assessments included trough FEV1 at Day 85 (primary end point), 0–3 h serial FEV1, rescue medication use, Transition Dyspnea Index (TDI), St George’s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), and COPD Assessment Test (CAT). Safety evaluations included adverse events (AEs).
Results: Compared with TIO, UMEC/VI produced greater improvements in trough FEV1 (least squares [LS] mean difference: 88 mL at Day 85 [95% confidence interval {CI}: 45–131]; P<0.001) and FEV1 after 5 min on Day 1 (50 mL [95% CI: 27–72]; P<0.001). Reductions in rescue medication use over 12 weeks were greater with UMEC/VI versus TIO (LS mean change: -0.1 puffs/d [95% CI: -0.2–0.0]; P≤0.05). More patients achieved clinically meaningful improvements in TDI score (≥1 unit) with UMEC/VI (63%) versus TIO (49%; odds ratio at Day 84=1.78 [95% CI: 1.21–2.64]; P≤0.01). Improvements in SGRQ and CAT scores were similar between treatments. The incidence of AEs was similar with UMEC/VI (30%) and TIO (31%).
Conclusion: UMEC/VI step-up therapy provides clinical benefit over TIO monotherapy in patients with moderate COPD who are symptomatic on TIO alone.

Keywords: COPD, LABA, LAMA, step-up, tiotropium, umeclidinium/vilanterol

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