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Topical ocular 0.1% cyclosporine A cationic emulsion in dry eye disease patients with severe keratitis: experience through the French early-access program

Authors Pisella P, Labetoulle M, Doan S, Cochener-Lamard B, Amrane M, Ismail D, Creuzot-Garcher C, Baudouin C

Received 6 September 2017

Accepted for publication 25 October 2017

Published 5 February 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 289—299

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S150957

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Pierre-Jean Pisella,1 Marc Labetoulle,2 Serge Doan,3 Beatrice Cochener-Lamard,4 Mourad Amrane,Dahlia Ismail,5 Catherine Creuzot-Garcher,6,7 Christophe Baudouin8–10

1Department of Ophthalmology, Tours University Hospital, University François Rabelais, Bretonneau Hospital, Tours, 2Department of Ophthalmology, Bicêtre Hospital, APHP, Paris-Sud University, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, 3Department of Ophthalmology, Bichat Hospital and Fondation A de Rothschild, Paris, 4Brest University Medical School, Morvan Hospital, Brest, 5Santen SAS, Evry, 6Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital, 7Department of Ophthalmology III, Eye and Nutrition Research Group, Burgundy, Dijon, 8Research Team S12, Quinze-Vingts National Ophthalmology Hospital, 9Department of Ophthalmology, Ambroise-Paré Hospital, APHP, UPMC University, Paris 6, Vision Institute, INSERM UMRS968, CNRS UMR7210, Paris, 10University of Versailles Saint-Quentin en Yvelines, Versailles, France

Purpose: The objective of this study was to report the evaluation of efficacy and safety of cyclosporine A cationic emulsion (CsA CE) 0.1% for the treatment of severe keratitis in adults with dry eye disease (DED) in a French early-access program.
Methods: Patients with DED and severe keratitis (corneal fluorescein staining [CFS] score of 3–5 on the Oxford scale and/or the presence of corneal lesions [filaments or ulcers]) were enrolled in a compassionate use program (Authorization for Temporary Use [ATU]) for once-daily CsA CE, which was approved by French health authorities prior to its registration. Efficacy and safety at 1, 3, 6, and 12-month follow-up visits were evaluated.
Results: The ATU cohort (n=1,212; mean age =60.5 years; 79.5% female; 98.1% with severe keratitis; 74.5% with corneal lesions) consisted of 601 CsA-naïve patients and 611 patients treated previously with other CsA formulations. The primary DED etiology was Sjögren’s syndrome (48.7%). Clinical benefit could be discerned among 548 evaluable patients from months 1 to 12: keratitis improvement, 44.8% at month 1 and 42.1% at month 12; keratitis stabilization, 47.2% and 45.7%, respectively; symptom improvement, 47.2% and 48.6%; and symptom stabilization, 44.8% and 45.0%. Corneal clearing (CFS score =0) increased from 4.8% (month 1) to 11.4% (month 12). No unexpected safety concerns were identified; instillation site pain (10.2%) and eye irritation (7.8%) were the most common adverse events.
Conclusion: The French ATU cohort provides supportive data on the clinical benefit of CsA CE in improving/stabilizing symptoms and corneal damage in DED patients with severe keratitis in real-world clinical practice.

Keywords:
dry eye, keratoconjunctivitis sicca, cyclosporine A, Sjögren’s syndrome, inflammation, cationic emulsion, severe keratitis, Ikervis

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