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The use of the practice walk test in pulmonary rehabilitation program: National COPD Audit Pulmonary Rehabilitation Workstream

Authors Hakamy A, McKeever TM, Steiner MC, Roberts CM, Singh SJ, Bolton CE

Received 11 May 2017

Accepted for publication 20 July 2017

Published 8 September 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 2681—2686

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S141620

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Charles Downs

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Ali Hakamy,1,2 Tricia M McKeever,2 Michael C Steiner,3 C Michael Roberts,4 Sally J Singh,3 Charlotte E Bolton1

1Nottingham Respiratory Research Unit, NIHR Nottingham Biomedical Research Centre, 2Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, 3Leicester Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit, Institute for Lung Health, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, 4Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK


Abstract: Our aim was to evaluate the use and impact of the practice walk test on enrolment, completion, and clinical functional response to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) using the 2015 UK National Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Pulmonary Rehabilitation audit data. Patients were assessed according to whether a baseline practice walk test was performed or not. Study outcomes included use of the practice walk test, baseline and change in incremental shuttle walk test distance (ISWD) or 6-minute walk test distance (6MWD), and enrolment to and completion of PR program. Of 7,355 patients, only 1,666 (22.6%) had a baseline practice test. At baseline, the practice walk test group walked further as compared to the no practice walk test group: ISWD, 17.9 m [95% confidence interval (CI) 8.2–27.5 m] and 6MWD, 34.8 m (95% CI 24.7–44.9 m). The practice walk test group were 2.2 times (95% CI 1.8–2.6) more likely to enroll and 17% (95% CI 1.03–1.34) more likely to complete PR. Although the change in ISWD and 6MWD with PR was lower in the practice walk test group, they walked further at discharge assessment. Only 22.6% of the patients in the 2015 National PR audit had a practice walk test at assessment. Those who did had better enrolment, completion, and better baseline walking distance, from which the prescription is set.

Keywords: pulmonary rehabilitation, COPD, functional performance test, functional exercise test

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