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The structure and evolution of eye banking: a review on eye banks’ historical, present, and future contribution to corneal transplantation

Authors Lambert NG, Chamberlain WD

Received 12 January 2017

Accepted for publication 27 March 2017

Published 6 June 2017 Volume 2017:5 Pages 23—40


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Martin Bluth

Nathan G Lambert, Winston D Chamberlain

Department of Ophthalmology, Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR USA

Abstract: The purpose of this review is to describe the increasing roles and responsibilities of eye banking with focus on its roles in the US historically, currently, and in the future. Since the establishment of the first eye bank by Townley Paton in 1944, eye banks have been responsible for both the safety and quality of corneal graft procurement, preparation, and distribution. Over time, eye banks have played an increasing role in the evolving world of corneal transplantation. Eye banks have repeatedly risen to new challenges regarding disease transmission, preparation of partial-thickness graft preparation, use of novel technology, and adjustment to meet constant increasing legislation and regulation. As the future will likely bring new opportunities as well as challenges, eye banks need to continually adapt to future technical and regulatory obstacles, ensuring that the future of corneal transplantation continues to be increasingly safe and successful.

Keywords: eye bank, corneal transplant, DMEK, DSAEK, femtosecond laser

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