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The Role of Attachment Styles and Communication Skills in Predicting Nursing and Medical Students’ Perception of Elder Abuse

Authors Salehi A, Gholamzadeh S, Javadi M

Received 4 September 2019

Accepted for publication 17 December 2019

Published 23 January 2020 Volume 2020:11 Pages 11—19

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PROM.S229908

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Lynne Nemeth


Ammar Salehi,1 Sakineh Gholamzadeh,2 Mostafa Javadi3

1Fatemeh Nursing and Midwifery School, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (SUMS), Shiraz, Iran; 2Community-Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (SUMS), Shiraz, Iran; 3Nursing and Midwifery School, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

Correspondence: Sakineh Gholamzadeh
Community-Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (SUMS), Shiraz, Iran
Tel +987 136474257
Fax +987136279135
Email gholamzs@sums.ac.ir

Background: The knowledge and abilities of nurses and physicians in perceiving and dealing with abuse are necessary for the improvement of older people’s health. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the role of attachment styles and communication skills in predicting nursing and medical students’ perception of elder abuse in Yazd, Iran.
Methods: The present study was a descriptive cross-sectional design that was conducted in the form of multistage sampling on 397 nursing and medical students at Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences in Yazd, Iran. The Elderly Caregiving Questionnaire (ECQ), Adults’ Attachment Styles Inventory (AAI), and the revised version of the Communication Skills Questionnaire were used for data collection. Data were analyzed using the SPSS version 22 software.
Results: The findings revealed that the participants had an appropriate understanding of elder abuse. The highest level of perception of elder abuse was in the dimension of psychological abuse (24.5± 5.22) and the lowest level was related to the dimension of physical abuse (21.7± 4.74). Additionally, a positive significant relationship was found between the score of students’ perception of abuse, and secure and avoidant attachment styles as well as students’ communication skills (p< 0.01). According to regression analysis, these predictors explained 8.6% of the observed variance in the students’ perception of elder abuse.
Conclusion: These findings indicate that attachment styles influenced the individual’s perception of elder abuse. Therefore, in future planning and research, this should be given more attention.

Keywords: elder abuse, perception, student, nursing, medical, attachment styles, communication

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