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The novel long noncoding RNA RP11–357H14.17 acts as an oncogene by promoting cell proliferation and invasion in diffuse-type gastric cancer

Authors Yang B, Luo TH, Zhang MJ, Lu ZM, Xue XC, Fang GN

Received 7 February 2017

Accepted for publication 11 April 2017

Published 18 May 2017 Volume 2017:10 Pages 2635—2643

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S134121

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Ingrid Espinoza

Biao Yang,1,* Tianhang Luo,1,* Meijing Zhang,2,* Zhengmao Lu,1 Xuchao Xue,1 Guoen Fang1

1Department of General Surgery, 2Department of Oncology, Changhai Hospital, The Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Abstract: Current evidence indicates that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play pivotal roles in human cancers. The present study aims to assess differentially expressed lncRNAs related to diffuse-type gastric carcinoma (DGC). Next-generation RNA sequencing was carried out to detect aberrantly expressed lncRNAs in DGC. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed to evaluate RP11–357H14.17 gene expression levels in DGC cell lines/tissues comparatively with normal gastric epithelial cell lines and adjacent normal tissues. The associations of RP11–357H14.17 expression levels with the clinicopathological features were also analyzed. The regulatory effects of RP11–357H14.17 on the biological behaviors of DGC cells were evaluated by MTT, colony formation assays, flow cytometry for apoptosis, wound healing assay, and transwell migration and invasion assays. RP11–357H14.17 expression was remarkably increased in DGC tissues and cell lines compared with normal gastric epithelial cells and adjacent normal tissues. High levels of RP11–357H14.17 were associated with increased tumor size, deeper depth of invasion, lymphatic metastasis, and advanced pathological stage. Further experiments demonstrated that the DGC cells MGC-803 transfected with si-RP11–357H14.17 showed reduced cell proliferation, migration, invasion, enhanced G1 phase arrest and cell apoptosis. These findings suggest that the novel lncRNA RP11–357H14.17 is associated with poor prognosis, and may serve as a potential prognostic biomarker and target for new antineoplastic therapies in human DGC.

Keywords: long noncoding RNA, RP11–357H14.17, diffuse-type gastric cancer, ­proliferation, invasion, metastasis

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