The Impact of a Training Program on Clinical Pharmacists on Pharmacy Clinical Services in a Tertiary Hospital in Hunan China
Received 24 August 2019
Accepted for publication 18 November 2019
Published 27 November 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 975—980
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Ping Xu,1 Yi Yun Hu,1 Hai Yan Yuan,1 Da Xiong Xiang,1 Yan Gang Zhou,1 Andrew J Cave,2 Hoan Linh Banh2
1Department of Pharmacy, The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410008, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
Correspondence: Ping Xu
Department of Pharmacy, The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, 139 Renmin Middle Road, Changsha, Hunan 410008, People’s Republic of China
Hoan Linh Banh
Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, 6-10 University Terrace, Edmonton, AB, Canada
Tel +1 780-248-1835
Background: Prior to 2015, clinical consultation was the only clinical service provided by clinical pharmacists in Changsha Second Hospital. Between 2015 and 2017, a train-the-trainer program was implemented to train clinical pharmacists to provide pharmaceutical care and to conduct clinical research. The objective of the study is to examine the impact on the clinical services provided by pharmacists after the implementation of the train-the-trainer program.
Patients and methods: Between 2004 and 2014, all completed clinical consultation activities were tallied and summarized. The results from the tallied consultation activities were used as a baseline for clinical activities provided by pharmacists prior to the training. A structured training program was implemented between 2015 and 2017 to train clinical pharmacists to provide pharmaceutical care. After the implementation of the training program was completed, all clinical activities provided by pharmacists between January 2017 and December 2017 were documented in the clinical workload form. The clinical activities completed by each pharmacist were tallied and summarized.
Results: Between 2004 and 2014, a total of 6569 (average 657 per year) pharmacy consultations were requested and completed from a total of 44 departments. In 2017, a total of 15,078 hrs of clinical activities were logged. The pharmacists completed 3481 consultations in 2017 (an increase of 430%), averaging 316 consultations for each pharmacist and 271.8 hr per pharmacist. Over 2000 hrs (of the 15,078 hrs) were spent on direct patient care by the pharmacists.
Conclusion: This study shows that there was a 430% increase in clinical pharmacy consultation services provided by the clinical pharmacists after the implementation of the training program. This is directly related to the number of well-trained pharmacists available. After the implementation of the train-the-trainer program, the range of services as well as the number of clinical services and clinical hours spent on providing pharmaceutical care have significantly increased.
Keywords: clinical pharmacy, pharmacy consultation, pharmacy services, pharmaceutical care
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