The Effects of Valence and Arousal on Time Perception in Depressed Patients
Authors Choi JW, Lee GE, Lee JH
Received 22 October 2020
Accepted for publication 9 December 2020
Published 6 January 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 17—26
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Mei-chun Cheung
Jeong-Won Choi, Gi-Eun Lee, Jang-Han Lee
Department of Psychology, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence: Jang-Han Lee
Department of Psychology, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06974, Korea
Tel +82 2 820 5751
Fax +82 2 816 5124
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of emotional state on time perception in patients with depression and to investigate if time perception in patients with depression could be changed by induced emotional state.
Patients and Methods: A clinically-depressed (CD, n=19) and non-depressed (ND, n=22) group viewed four video clips of different levels of valence and arousal (ie, positive-high arousal, positive-low arousal, negative-high arousal, negative-low arousal). After inducing emotion state, all participants performed a time perception task to measure differences in the perception of time.
Results: The results showed that the CD group perceived time passing more slowly than the ND group at baseline and in all conditions, especially in the negative-low arousal condition. The ND group perceived time passed more quickly in the positive-high arousal condition compared to the CD group. These results indicate that emotional state with combined valence and arousal factors could change time perception in patients with depression.
Conclusion: Based on these results, it is suggested that changing the emotional state of the depressive patient by considering valence as well as arousal is important to improve the distortion on time perception.
Keywords: depression, time perception, valence, arousal, internal clock model