The development and pilot testing of the Self-management Programme of Activity, Coping and Education for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (SPACE for COPD)
Authors Apps LD, Mitchell KE, Harrison SL, Sewell L, Williams JE, Young H, Steiner M, Morgan M, Singh SJ
Received 16 November 2012
Accepted for publication 11 January 2013
Published 9 July 2013 Volume 2013:8 Pages 317—327
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 6
Lindsay D Apps,1 Katy E Mitchell,1 Samantha L Harrison,1 Louise Sewell,1 Johanna E Williams,1 Hannah ML Young,1 Michael Steiner,1 Mike Morgan,1 Sally J Singh1,2
1National Institute of Health Research CLAHRC-LNR Pulmonary Rehabilitation Research Group, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS, Leicester, UK; 2Applied Research Centre, Health and Lifestyle Interventions, Coventry University, Coventry, UK
Purpose: There is no independent standardized self-management approach available for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this project was to develop and test a novel self-management manual for individuals with COPD.
Patients: Participants with a confirmed diagnosis of COPD were recruited from primary care.
Methods: A novel self-management manual was developed with health care professionals and patients. Five focus groups were conducted with individuals with COPD (N = 24) during development to confirm and enhance the content of the prototype manual. The Self-management Programme of Activity, Coping and Education for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (SPACE for COPD) manual was developed as the focus of a comprehensive self-management approach facilitated by health care professionals. Preference for delivery was initial face-to-face consultation with telephone follow-up. The SPACE for COPD manual was piloted with 37 participants in primary care. Outcome measures included the Self-Report Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire, Incremental Shuttle Walk Test, and Endurance Shuttle Walking Test (ESWT); measurements were taken at baseline and 6 weeks.
Results: The pilot study observed statistically significant improvements for the dyspnea domain of the Self-Report Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire and ESWT. Dyspnea showed a mean change of 0.67 (95% confidence interval 0.23–1.11, P = 0.005). ESWT score increased by 302.25 seconds (95% confidence interval 161.47–443.03, P < 0.001).
Conclusion: This article describes the development and delivery of a novel self-management approach for COPD. The program, incorporating the SPACE for COPD manual, appears to provoke important changes in exercise capacity and breathlessness for individuals with COPD managed in primary care.
Keywords: self-management, primary care, Self-Report Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire, dyspnea, Endurance Shuttle Walking Test
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