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The cellular uptake mechanism, intracellular transportation, and exocytosis of polyamidoamine dendrimers in multidrug-resistant breast cancer cells

Authors Zhang J, Liu D, Zhang M, Sun Y, Zhang X, Guan G, Zhao X, Qiao M, Chen D, Hu H

Received 15 February 2016

Accepted for publication 24 May 2016

Published 3 August 2016 Volume 2016:11 Pages 3677—3690

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S106418

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Lei Yang


Jie Zhang,1 Dan Liu,1 Mengjun Zhang,1 Yuqi Sun,1,2 Xiaojun Zhang,1 Guannan Guan,1 Xiuli Zhao,1 Mingxi Qiao,1 Dawei Chen,1 Haiyang Hu1

1Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang, 2Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Liaoning Medical University, Jinzhou, Liaoning Province, People’s Republic of China

Abstract: Polyamidoamine dendrimers, which can deliver drugs and genetic materials to resistant cells, are attracting increased research attention, but their transportation behavior in resistant cells remains unclear. In this paper, we performed a systematic analysis of the cellular uptake, intracellular transportation, and efflux of PAMAM-NH2 dendrimers in multidrug-resistant breast cancer cells (MCF-7/ADR cells) using sensitive breast cancer cells (MCF-7 cells) as the control. We found that the uptake rate of PAMAM-NH2 was much lower and exocytosis of PAMAM-NH2 was much greater in MCF-7/ADR cells than in MCF-7 cells due to the elimination of PAMAM-NH2 from P-glycoprotein and the multidrug resistance-associated protein in MCF-7/ADR cells. Macropinocytosis played a more important role in its uptake in MCF-7/ADR cells than in MCF-7 cells. PAMAM-NH2 aggregated and became more degraded in the lysosomal vesicles of the MCF-7/ADR cells than in those of the MCF-7 cells. The endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi complex were found to participate in the exocytosis rather than endocytosis process of PAMAM-NH2 in both types of cells. Our findings clearly showed the intracellular transportation process of PAMAM-NH2 in MCF-7/ADR cells and provided a guide of using PAMAM-NH2 as a drug and gene vector in resistant cells.

Keywords: PAMAM dendrimers, multidrug resistance, endocytosis, intracellular transportation, exocytosis

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