The Association Between Coffee and Tea Consumption During Pregnancy and Preterm Delivery: Case–Control Study
Received 11 October 2020
Accepted for publication 19 November 2020
Published 22 December 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 2011—2019
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Amer Mahmoud Sindiani,1 Yousef Khader,2 Zouhair Amarin1
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 2Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
Correspondence: Amer Mahmoud Sindiani
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box: (630001), Irbid 22110, Jordan
Fax +962 2 7095777
Objective: To assess a possible association between coffee and tea consumption and preterm delivery.
Methods: A case–control design was implemented on a sample of women who were admitted for delivery to a tertiary hospital in the north of Jordan. Three hundred and fourteen cases and 796 controls were evaluated. The study was conducted while women were in the hospital for delivery. They were questioned about coffee and tea consumption and relevant confounding factors. Women were asked to state the average number of coffee and tea cups they drank per day.
Results: The mean coffee consumption among women with preterm delivery was 0.75 cups/day ± 1.23 and the mean tea consumption was 1.47 cups/day± 1.76. Multivariable logistic analysis revealed that increased age (OR=1.05; CI=1.02– 1.08), parity (OR=3.82, CI=2.58– 5.64), history of abortions (OR=1.69; CI=1.21– 2.35), family history of preterm deliveries (OR=2.45, CI=1.33– 4.52), having treatment for subfertility (OR=12.14, CI=2.39– 61.62), diabetes mellitus (OR=2.22, CI=1.06– 4.66), worsened emotional status during pregnancy (OR=2.35, CI=1.49– 3.72), short inter-pregnancy interval (OR=1.72, CI=1.10– 2.72), no iron consumption (OR=1.46, CI=1.06– 2.03), using folic acid (OR=2.45, CI=1.33– 4.52), and black colour women (OR=2.87, CI=1.35– 6.10) were predictive for preterm delivery. After controlling for all significant predictors, coffee and tea consumption during pregnancy was not significantly associated with increased odds of preterm delivery.
Conclusion: These results do not support an association between coffee and tea consumption and preterm delivery.
Keywords: coffee, pregnancy, preterm delivery, tea