Spontaneous intraorbital hematoma: case report
Vinodan Paramanathan, Ardalan Zolnourian
Queen's Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Burton on Trent, Staffordshire DE13 0RB, UK
Abstract: Spontaneous intraorbital hematoma is an uncommon clinical entity seen in ophthalmology practice. It is poorly represented in the literature. Current evidence attributes it to orbital trauma, neoplasm, vascular malformations, acute sinusitis, and systemic abnormalities. A 65-year-old female presented with spontaneous intraorbital hematoma manifesting as severe ocular pains, eyelid edema, proptosis, and diplopia, without a history of trauma. Computer tomography demonstrated a fairly well defined extraconal lesion with opacification of the paranasal sinuses. The principal differential based on all findings was that of a spreading sinus infection and an extraconal tumor. An unprecedented finding of a spontaneous orbital hematoma was discovered when the patient was taken to theater. We discuss the rarity of this condition and its management.
Keywords: hemorrhage, ophthalmology, spontaneous, intra-orbital, hematoma
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