Spanish Validation Of The Revised Depression Attitude Questionnaire (R-DAQ)
Received 22 August 2019
Accepted for publication 25 October 2019
Published 13 November 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 1051—1058
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Justinn Cochran
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Igor Elman
Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda,1,2 Mark Haddad,3 Carlos Vera Paz,1,2 Jose Alejandro Valdevila Figueira,4 Justo Fabelo Roche,5 Carlos Orellana Román,4 Serguei Iglesias Moré,5 Miguel Felix,1,2 Emanuel Vanegas,1,2 Geovanny Efraín Alvarado-Villa1
1Universidad Espíritu Santo, Samborondón, Ecuador; 2Respiralab Research Group, Guayaquil, Ecuador; 3Centre for Mental Health Research, School of Health Sciences, City University London, London, UK; 4Instituto de Neurociencias, Guayaquil, Ecuador; 5Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de la Habana, Habana, Cuba
Correspondence: Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda
Universidad Espíritu Santo, Km. 2.5 Vía La Puntilla, Samborondón 0901-952, Ecuador
Purpose: The aim of the study was to develop and validate a Spanish version of the Revised Depression Attitude Questionnaire (R-DAQ).
Methods: The R-DAQ was used as a baseline for the study. It was translated and tested to ensure the instrument was appropriate for the target population. 537 Ecuadorian healthcare professionals completed the revised Spanish version of the R-DAQ (SR-DAQ). Statistical and exploratory factor analyses were performed to examine construct validity, internal consistency, readability and floor and ceiling effects.
Results: Three factors were obtained: “Professional confidence in depression care”; “Therapeutic optimism about depression”; and “Generalist perspective about depression occurrence, recognition, and management”. The internal consistency of the SR-DAQ was determined by means of Cronbach’s α coefficient, with values ranging between 0.61–0.8. The correlations with the English version reflected adequate validity. The model explained 39% of the variance. Subsequent analysis with a sample restricted to those who had received training in depression produced a model that explained 42% of the variance.
Conclusion: The SR-DAQ meets the psychometric requirements for measuring depression attitude in a Spanish-speaking population and shows adequate internal consistency and validity.
Keywords: attitudes, depression, Latin America, psychometric properties, validation
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