Sorafenib plus tegafur–uracil (UFT) versus sorafenib as first line systemic treatment for patients with advanced stage HCC: a Phase II trial (ESLC01 study)
Received 26 March 2018
Accepted for publication 1 August 2018
Published 19 November 2018 Volume 2018:5 Pages 109—119
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Ahmed Kaseb
Hamdy A Azim,1 Ashraf Omar,2 Hesham Atef,1,† Heba Zawahry,3 Mohamed K Shaker,4 AH Kamel Abdelmaksoud,5 Mohamed EzzElarab,6 Omar Abdel-Rahman,7 Mohamed Ismail,8 Loay Kassem,1 Imam Waked9
1Department of Clinical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt; 2Department of Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt; 3Department of Medical Oncology, National Cancer Institute, Cairo, Egypt; 4Tropical Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt; 5Department of Diagnostic and Intervention Radiology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt; 6National Hepatology and Tropical Medicine Research Institute, Cairo, Egypt; 7Clinical Oncology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt; 8Clinical Oncology Department, Cairo Oncology Center, Cairo, Egypt; 9Institute of Liver Disease, Menoufiya University, Menoufiya, Egypt
†Dr Hesham Atef passed away on November 16, 2017, during the preparation of the manuscript
Background: Phase II trials found that tegafur–uracil (UFT) is an effective drug in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), while preclinical data suggested that its combination with sorafenib may have a promising activity. Our Phase II randomized trial aimed to evaluate efficacy and tolerability of sorafenib plus UFT vs sorafenib in advanced HCC.
Methods: Patients with advanced HCC, with no prior systemic therapy, were randomized to receive either UFT at 125 mg/m2 twice daily for 4 out of 5 weeks plus sorafenib at 400 mg twice daily (arm 1) or single agent sorafenib at 400 mg twice daily (arm 2). Primary end point was time to progression (TTP).
Results: Between March 2012 and March 2014, 76 eligible patients – out of 143 preplanned – were randomized. The study was terminated early because of futility. This is the final analysis of the study, after a median follow-up of 10.2 months and death of 86% of randomized patients (n=64). Median TTP was 7.5 months and 8.2 months in arms 1 and 2 respectively (HR: 1.07; 95% CI, 0.52–2.22; P=0.855), while the median overall survival was 8.2 months and 10.5 months respectively (HR: 1.58; 95% CI: 0.90–2.76, P=0.112). Nine patients (25%) in the combination arm discontinued treatment because of toxicity vs eight patients (21.1%) in the sorafenib monotherapy arm (P=0.899).
Conclusion: In patients with advanced HCC, adding UFT to sorafenib is feasible, but it did not improve efficacy outcome over sorafenib monotherapy.
Keywords: advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, sorafenib, tegafur/uracil, Egypt
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]