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Serum sirtuin 1 is independently associated with intact PTH among patients with chronic kidney disease

Authors Bielach-Bazyluk A, Zbroch E, Czajkowska K, Koc-Zorawska E, Kakareko K, Rydzewska-Rosolowska A, Hryszko T

Received 24 November 2020

Accepted for publication 26 February 2021

Published 25 March 2021 Volume 2021:16 Pages 525—536


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Professor Nandu Goswami

Angelika Bielach-Bazyluk,1 Edyta Zbroch,2 Katarzyna Czajkowska,1 Ewa Koc-Zorawska,1 Katarzyna Kakareko,1 Alicja Rydzewska-Rosolowska,1 Tomasz Hryszko1

1 2nd Department of Nephrology and Hypertension with Dialysis Centre, Medical University, Bialystok, Poland; 2Department of Internal Medicine and Hypertension, Medical University, Bialystok, Poland

Correspondence: Angelika Bielach-Bazyluk
2nd Department of Nephrology and Hypertension with Dialysis Centre, Medical University, Sklodowskiej – Curie 24a, Bialystok, 15-276, Poland
Tel +48 858317872
Email [email protected]

Background: Sirtuin 1 is involved in the pathogenesis of age-related diseases.
Purpose: The aim of the study was to assess the clinical and diagnostic value of serum sirtuin 1 concentration in patients with CKD.
Patients and Methods: The serum sirtuin 1 level was evaluated using ELISA kit in 100 CKD patients stratified for five stages and in a control group of 24 healthy volunteers.
Results: Serum sirtuin 1 concentration was higher in the CKD group compared with the control group (p< 0.05). Sirtuin 1 correlated with conventional CKD biomarkers and eGFR equations, intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and age (all p< 0.05). Statins, AT1 receptor antagonists and β-blockers use were associated with decreased sirtuin concentration (p< 0.05). Sirtuin 1 was able to distinguish CKD from control group with high sensitivity and specificity (93% and 87%, respectively; AUC=0.954). Surprisingly, after adjustment only iPTH concentration was an independent predictor of sirtuin 1 level.
Conclusion: The association between sirtuin 1, eGFR equations and iPTH indicates its possible usefulness as a kidney function marker. In terms of iPTH being the only independent predictor of circulating sirtuin 1 it can be considered as an indirect cardiovascular risk biomarker regardless of renal function and provide additional information for patient management. Alternatively, sirtuin 1 is recognized as protective against vascular disease, and we demonstrated a positive correlation with iPTH, which may be related to accumulation of (7-84)-PTH having opposite biological effects to full-length PTH. Further studies are needed to explore the interplay between sirtuin 1, PTH and CKD-related vascular calcification as well as to assess its prognostic value in observational studies.

Keywords: sirtuin 1, SIRT1, CKD, chronic kidney disease, parathyroid hormone, PTH

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