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Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy Was Associated With Favorable Survival Outcomes For Patients With Clinically Node-Negative Asian Melanoma

Authors Chang JWC, Huang YL, Chang YY, Lo YF, Ho TY, Huang YT, Chen HW, Wu CE

Received 7 September 2019

Accepted for publication 31 October 2019

Published 14 November 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 9655—9664

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S227837

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Ms Aruna Narula

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Chien-Feng Li


John Wen-Cheng Chang,1 Yen-Lin Huang,2 Yao-Yu Chang,3 Yung-Feng Lo,4 Tsung-Ying Ho,5 Yi-Ting Huang,6 Huan-Wu Chen,7 Chiao-En Wu1

1Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan; 2Department of Pathology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan; 3Department of Dermatology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan; 4Department of General Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan; 5Department of Nuclear Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan; 6Department of Radiology Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan; 7Department of Medical Imaging & Intervention, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Correspondence: Chiao-En Wu
Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, 5, Fushing St., Gueishan Township, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan
Tel +886-3-328-1200 ext 8825
Email jiaoen@gmail.com

Purpose: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is the standard management for clinically node-negative cutaneous melanoma patients. This study aimed to evaluate the role of SLNB in Taiwanese melanoma patients and in particular, patients with acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM).
Patients and methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics and survival outcomes of the patients who underwent primary surgery followed by either SLNB or nodal observation at the Linkou Chang Gung Memorial Hospital from January 2000 to December 2011.
Results: Among the total of 209 patients, 127 underwent SLNB and 51 underwent nodal observation only after primary surgery. There were no significant differences in clinicopathological features between the two groups except that patients who underwent SLNB were older and had a higher rate of ALM than those under nodal observation. The median follow-up time was 43.5 months until July 2013. The patients who underwent SLNB had significantly better disease-free survival (DFS) (57.1 vs 18.7 months, p < 0.01) and melanoma-specific survival (MSS) (112.4 vs 45.2 months, p < 0.01) than those under observation. Improvement in DFS (HR: 0.51, p < 0.01) and MSS (HR: 0.60, p = 0.03) was observed even after adjusting for age and disease pathology by multivariate analysis. This benefit of clinical outcomes persisted in patients with ALM, Breslow thickness ≤2 mm, or no ulceration, but not in patients with non-ALM, Breslow thickness >2 mm, or ulceration.
Conclusion: SLNB was associated with favorable outcomes in patients with clinically node-negative cutaneous melanoma, particularly in Taiwanese patients with ALM, Breslow thickness ≤2 mm, and nonulcerated melanoma.

Keywords: cutaneous melanoma, sentinel lymph node biopsy, acral lentiginous melanoma, nodal observation

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