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Self-Reported Oral Health Attitudes and Behaviors, and Gingival Status of Dental Students

Authors Karem Hassan B, Jabbar Ali B, Mahmood Alwan A, Badeia RA

Received 13 February 2020

Accepted for publication 21 May 2020

Published 25 June 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 225—232


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Christopher E. Okunseri

Ban Karem Hassan, Banaz Jabbar Ali, Alyamama Mahmood Alwan, Raed A Badeia

Department of Periodontal Dentistry, College of Dentistry, University of Mustansiriyah, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence: Banaz Jabbar Ali Email

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess self-reported oral health attitudes and behaviors of the Iraqi dental students and compare the variations in these attitudes and behaviors that linked to dental education level and gender.
Materials and Methods: A self-administered questionnaire depended on the English version of the Hiroshima University Dental Behavioral Inventory (HU-DBI) was prepared, the questionnaire given to 198 dental students.
Results: About 91.4% of the dental students were worried about the teeth colour, and merely minor percentage of them (18.8%) thought it is not crucial to seek dental advice until they acquire a tooth pain; however, 26.3% of the students were disturbed because of their gum colour, and 75.3% of them examined their teeth after brushing. Besides, 72.2% of the students replied that gum disease could not be prevented by tooth brushing only, 60.1% of the students do not give visiting the dentist such concern, and 14.1% of dental students were smokers. The plaque and gingival indices were significantly higher in preclinical students than clinical students.
Conclusion: Iraqi dental students had somewhat good oral health behavior and attitudes; however, extra concentrating is required on the anticipatory and behavioral aspects of oral self-care practices. Female dental students displayed better oral health behavior and attitudes than male colleagues on some issues.

Keywords: periodontal health, dental students, self-reported, gingival index, Hiroshima University Dental Behavioral Inventory

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