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Retrospective analysis to describe associations between tumor necrosis factor alpha inhibitors and COPD-related hospitalizations

Authors Accortt NA, Chung JB, Bonafede M, Limone BL, Mannino DM

Received 16 November 2016

Accepted for publication 23 May 2017

Published 19 July 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 2085—2094

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S127815

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Charles Downs

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Neil A Accortt,1 James B Chung,2 Machaon Bonafede,3 Brendan L Limone,3 David M Mannino4

1Amgen, Inc., Center for Observational Research, Thousand Oaks, CA, 2Amgen, Inc., US Medical Organization, Thousand Oaks, CA, 3Truven Health Analytics, an IBM Company, Outcomes Research, Cambridge, MA, 4University of Kentucky College of Public Health, Lexington, KY, USA

Background: Limited information exists on the impact of tumor necrosis factor inhibition on COPD exacerbations. This retrospective study characterized this impact among COPD patients with underlying autoimmune conditions, exposed to tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) and/or non-biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs).
Patients and methods: Adult COPD patients with ≥1 diagnosis for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriasis (PsO), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), or ankylosing spondylitis (AS) before or within 6 months following the index COPD diagnosis were identified from the Truven Health MarketScan® databases. Patients were required to have a second claim for RA, PsO, PsA, AS, or DMARD use (biologic or non-biologic) prior to or up to 6 months following the index date. Incidence of COPD-related hospitalizations and emergency room (ER) visits was evaluated in relation to treatment with TNFi and/or DMARDs and other potential risk factors.
Results: The study cohort included 40,687 patients (untreated, 37.7%; non-biologic DMARD, 35.4%; TNFi + non-biologic DMARD, 18%; TNFi, 8.8%). The proportion of patients with a COPD-related hospitalization and the incidence of COPD-related hospitalization (per 100 person-years) were lowest in the TNFi cohort (8.6%; 3.54, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.16–3.95) and the TNFi + non-biologic DMARD cohort (8.4%; 2.85, 95% CI: 2.63–3.08). In multivariate models, treatment with TNFi + non-biologic DMARD reduced the risk of COPD-related hospitalization or ER visits by 32% relative to non-biologic DMARDs (hazard ratio: 0.68; 95% CI: 0.61–0.75).
Conclusion: In real-world settings, TNFi monotherapy confers similar risk for COPD-related hospitalization or ER visits as a non-biologic DMARD. Decreased risk was found among those treated with both TNFi and a non-biologic DMARD.

Keywords: COPD, TNF inhibitor, exacerbation, incidence, biologic DMARD

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