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Repurposing Anti-Cancer Drugs for COVID-19 Treatment

Authors Borcherding N, Jethava Y, Vikas P

Received 16 September 2020

Accepted for publication 29 October 2020

Published 18 November 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 5045—5058


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Tuo Deng

Nicholas Borcherding,1– 4 Yogesh Jethava,1,5 Praveen Vikas1,5

1Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Iowa, College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, USA; 2Department of Pathology, University of Iowa, College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, USA; 3Cancer Biology Graduate Program, University of Iowa, College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, USA; 4Medical Scientist Training Program, University of Iowa, College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, USA; 5Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa, College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, USA

Correspondence: Praveen Vikas
Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center, 5983 JPP, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
Tel + 1 319-356-2757
Email [email protected]

Abstract: The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused catastrophic damage to human life across the globe along with social and financial hardships. According to the Johns Hopkins University Coronavirus Resource Center, more than 41.3 million people worldwide have been infected, and more than 1,133,000 people have died as of October 22, 2020. At present, there is no available vaccine and a scarcity of efficacious therapies. However, there is tremendous ongoing effort towards identifying effective drugs and developing novel vaccines. Early data from Adaptive COVID-19 Treatment Trials (ACTT) sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and compassionate use study have shown promise for remdesivir, leading to emergency authorization by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of hospitalized COVID-19 patients. However, several randomized studies have now shown no benefit or increased adverse events associated with remdesivir treatment. Drug development is a time-intensive process and requires extensive safety and efficacy evaluations. In contrast, drug repurposing is a time-saving and cost-effective drug discovery strategy geared towards using existing drugs instead of de novo drug discovery. Treatments for cancer and COVID-19 often have similar goals of controlling inflammation, inhibiting cell division, and modulating the host microenvironment to control the disease. In this review, we focus on anti-cancer drugs that can potentially be repurposed for COVID-19 and are currently being tested in clinical trials.

Keywords: COVID-19, drug-repurposing, anti-cancer drugs

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