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Recent perspectives on the medicinal potential of ginger

Authors Gunathilake K, Rupasinghe V

Received 4 March 2015

Accepted for publication 23 September 2015

Published 20 October 2015 Volume 2015:5 Pages 55—63


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Professor Ayse Kuruuzum-Uz

KDPP Gunathilake,1 HP Vasantha Rupasinghe2

1Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Livestock, Fisheries and Nutrition, Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, Makandura, Gonawila, Sri Lanka; 2Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Dalhousie University, Truro, NS, Canada

Abstract: Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a globally known food and flavoring ingredient which is also reputed for its wide range of medicinal properties. The rhizome of ginger consists of a unique homologous series of compounds, gingerols, which are the major phenolic plant secondary metabolites responsible for its unique flavor and health benefits. Over the last 2 decades, extensive research has been conducted to identify bioactive constituents and medicinal potential of ginger. This review deliberates chemical composition as well as the most recent research findings on potential health benefits of ginger, including its antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, blood pressure-lowering, cholesterol-lowering, antiplatelet aggregation, chemopreventive, antioxidant, and hypoglycemic properties.

Keywords: ginger, gingerols, medicinal properties, Zingiber officinale, health

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