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Radiotherapy for patients with completely resected pathologic IIIA(N2) non–small-cell lung cancer: a retrospective analysis

Authors Zhu Y, Fu L, Jing W, Kong L, Yu J

Received 6 December 2018

Accepted for publication 12 June 2019

Published 31 December 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 10901—10908

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S197245

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Rituraj Purohit


Ying Zhu,1–3,* Lei Fu,2,* Wang Jing,2 Li Kong,2,4 Jinming Yu2,4

1Department of Clinical Medicine, Weifang Medical University, Weifang, Shandong Province, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shandong First Medical University, Jinan, People’s Republic of China; 3Heze Medical College Affiliated Hospital, Heze, Shandong Province, People’s Republic of China; 4Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jinan, Shandong Province, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Jinming Yu
Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shandong First Medical University, 440 Jinan Road, Jinan 250117, Shandong Province, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 05 318 798 4777
Fax +86 05 318 798 4079
Email sdyujinming@163.com

Introduction: Adjuvant radiotherapy in non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains controversial,Whether the mutation status of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) will affect the recurrence and survival of patients with resected NSCLC is rarely reported. Our purpose is to study the effect of postoperative radiotherapy on patients with stage IIIA(N2) NSCLC with EGFR mutation.
Methods: Total of of 115 patients diagnosed with stage IIIA(N2) resected NSCLC were analyzed retrospectively. Their EGFR mutations were detected by real-time quantitative PCR and DNA sequencing technology together.
Results: At a median follow-up of 34.2 months for the postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy (PORT) group and 31.0 months for the non-PORT group, PORT group significantly improved progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). The median PFS and OS in the EGFR mutant group were not significantly longer than those in the EGFR wild-type group. The number of chemotherapy cycles, postoperative radiotherapy and the number of metastatic lymph nodes were independent factors influencing long-term survival.
Conclusion: Our retrospective analysis showed that PORT can improve survival of patients with stage IIIA(N2) NSCLC. EGFR-mutant group with stage IIIA(N2) NSCLC has a tendency of a higher survival than the wild-type EGFR group, but there was no significant difference for both groups. The EGFR mutation status was not associated with PFS or OS of stage IIIA(N2) NSCLC.

Keywords: non-small cell lung cancer, N2-stage, adjuvant radiotherapy, EGFR mutations

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