Quantitative evaluation of corneal epithelial injury caused by n-heptanol using a corneal resistance measuring device in vivo
Masamichi Fukuda1, Hiroshi Sasaki1
1Department of Ophthalmology, Kanazawa Medical University, Uchinada, Japan
Purpose: We attempted to develop a device for measuring electrical corneal resistance (CR) using corneal contact lens electrodes to quantitatively evaluate corneal injury in vivo. In the present study, full-thickness detachment of the corneal epithelium was induced by n-heptanol, and the feasibility of the quantitative evaluation of this injury by corneal contact lens electrodes was evaluated in vivo.
Methods: The central area of an albino rabbit's cornea was exposed to a filter paper pre-immersed in n-heptanol for 1 minute to induce injury of the corneal epithelium. After induction of injury, the electrical CR was measured and the percentage of CR (%CR) was calculated. Fluorescein solution (3 µL) was applied to the wound/affected area of the corneal epithelium for photography with a slit-lamp biomicroscope. The wound/affected area was measured using an image analysis system. The correlation between the %CR and the wound/affected area was analyzed.
Results: As the size of the wound/affected area of the corneal epithelium increased, the %CR decreased after corneal epithelium detachment. Thus, a close correlation was found between the area of corneal epithelium detachment and the %CR.
Conclusion: The corneal resistance device that we developed was capable of quantitatively evaluating n-heptanol-induced full-thickness injuries of the corneal epithelium.
Keywords: eyes in vivo, corneal injury, corneal contact lens electrode corneal resistance device, n-heptanol
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