Psychopharmacology of ADHD in pediatrics: current advances and issues
Donald E Greydanus, Ahsan Nazeer, Dilip R Patel
Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University/Kalamazoo Center for Medical Studies, Kalamazoo, MI, USA
Abstract: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral developmental disorder found in 3% to 8% of children and adolescents. An important part of ADHD management is psychopharmacology, which includes stimulants, norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, alpha-2 agonists, and antidepressants. Medications with the best evidence-based support for ADHD management are the stimulants methylphenidate and amphetamine. A number of newer, long-acting stimulants are now available and a number of new medications are considered that are under current research.
Keywords: ADHD, methylphenidate, amphetamine, norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, alpha-2 agonists, antidepressants
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