Psychometric properties revised reinforcement sensitivity theory (r-RST) scale in chronic pain patients
Authors Amiri S, Behnezhad S, Azad-Marzabadi E
Received 11 January 2017
Accepted for publication 21 March 2017
Published 8 August 2017 Volume 2017:10 Pages 1879—1885
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr E Alfonso Romero-Sandoval
Sohrab Amiri,1 Sepideh Behnezhad,2 Esfandiar Azad-Marzabadi3
1Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran; 2Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran; 3Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Tehran, Iran
Objective: The aim of present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Reinforcement Sensitivity Questionnaire (RSQ) in patients with chronic pain.
Methods: For this purpose, 312 (first study) and 70 (second study) patients with chronic pain were selected, and the Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory Personality Questionnaire (RST-PQ) and Pain Beliefs and Perceptions Inventory (PBPI) were distributed among them for their response. The reliability of the questionnaire was evaluated by Cronbach’s alpha, retest, and split-half coefficient; then, the criterion validity with other questionnaires was evaluated to determine the psychometric properties of the RSQ. The factor structure was assessed via confirmatory factor analysis.
Results: The results of the factor analysis indicated that the RSQ has five factors, and checking the validity by using Cronbach’s alpha, retest, and split-half coefficient reflected the stability of the scale; the criterion validity of the RSQ with other questionnaires showed desirable discriminant and convergent validity.
Conclusion: Overall, the findings indicated that the RSQ has good psychometric properties in chronic pain samples, and the tool can be used in studies of chronic pain. It seems that the RSQ is a good predictor for pain in patients with chronic pain.
Keywords: chronic pain, factor analysis, reinforcement sensitivity
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