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Prognostic implications of circulating Epstein–Barr virus DNA for extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type: a meta-analysis

Authors Chen RW, Wang C, Zhou Y, Wen B

Received 10 January 2018

Accepted for publication 9 April 2018

Published 20 July 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 2183—2192

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S162168

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Kenan Onel


Ruiwan Chen,1,* Chengtao Wang,1,* Yu Zhou,2,* Bixiu Wen1

1Department of Radiation Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China; 2Department of General Surgery, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou 510080, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Introduction: To evaluate the prognostic value of circulating Epstein-Barr virus DNA for extranodal natural killer/T-Cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL), we performed a meta-analysis of published studies that provided survival information with pre-/post-treatment circulating EBV DNA.
Methods: Eligible studies that discussed prognostic significance of circulating EBV DNA in ENKTL were included. Random effects models were applied to obtain the estimated hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals to evaluate prognostic significance (OS and DFS/PFS). Eleven studies covering a total of 562 subjects were included in this analysis.
Results: The summary HRs and 95% CIs of pre-treatment EBV DNA for OS and PFS/DFS were 4.43 (95% CI 2.66–7.39, P<0.00001) and 3.12 (95% CI 1.42–6.85, P=0.005), respectively. The corresponding HRs and 95% CIs of post-treatment EBV DNA for OS and PFS/DFS were 6.28 (95% CI 2.75–14.35, P<0.0001) and 6.57 (95% CI 2.14–20.16, P=0.001). Subgroup analyses indicated a strong trend of prognostic powers with pre-/post-treatment EBV DNA.
Conclusion: With the present evidence, circulating EBV DNA consistently correlated with poorer prognosis in patients with ENKTL which need further investigation in large-scale clinical studies.

Keywords: circulating EBV DNA, ENKTL, prognosis

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