Back to Journals » Journal of Pain Research » Volume 12

Prevalence of upper limb pain and disability and its correlates with demographic and personal factors

Authors Almomani F, Alghwiri AA, Alghadir AH, Al-momani A, Iqbal A

Received 17 December 2018

Accepted for publication 29 July 2019

Published 6 September 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 2691—2700


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Erica Wegrzyn

Fidaa Almomani1, Alia A Alghwiri2, Ahmad H Alghadir3, Amal Al-momani4, Amir Iqbal3

1Therapeutic Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 2School of Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan; 3Rehabilitation Research Chair, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 4Queen Rania Center, Amman, Jordan

Correspondence: Amir Iqbal
Rehabilitation Research Chair, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, P.O. Box. 10219, Riyadh 11433, Saudi Arabia
Tel +966 1 469 6010
Fax +966 1 469 3589

Purpose: The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of upper limb pain and disability and to investigate potentially correlated factors among university students in Jordan.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey study that was conducted among university students. The upper limb pain and disability were assessed by the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) outcome questionnaire. The DASH outcome questionnaire was distributed to 2100 students from the population of 2 public and 2 private universities in the north of Jordan. Demographic and personal information were collected. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and linear regression analysis.
Results: A total of 1929 DASH outcome questionnaires were returned, with a high response rate of 91.86%. The age of the subjects was between 18–28 years (52% male; 48% female). The majority of subjects (85.2%) used at least one smartphone. The majority of them had been using a smartphone for more than 5 years. The prevalence of upper limb pain and disability among university students was 24%. Several factors were found to be significantly connected with upper limb pain and disability among university students, such as smartphone use, computer use,  the presence of musculoskeletal problems, not living with their families, using public transport (bus), and daily housekeeping.
Conclusion: The results of this study can be used globally to promote the health and well-being of university students, improve their academic performance and future career. Identifying high-risk groups will assist in early identifications and prevention programs for upper limb pain and disability among university students.

Keywords: DASH questionnaire, upper limb disability, university students, electronics’ users, prevalence, socio-demographic

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]