Pressure injuries in elderly with acute myocardial infarction
Received 27 February 2017
Accepted for publication 18 May 2017
Published 19 September 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 1495—1501
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker
Klara Komici,1 Dino F Vitale,2 Dario Leosco,1 Angela Mancini,1 Graziamaria Corbi,3 Leonardo Bencivenga,1 Alessandro Mezzani,4 Bruno Trimarco,5 Carmine Morisco,5 Nicola Ferrara,1,2 Giuseppe Rengo1,2
1Division of Geriatrics, Department of Translational Medical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy; 2Cardiac Rehabilitation Division, Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, IRCCS, Scientific Institute of Telese Terme (BN), Telese Terme, Italy; 3Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Molise Campobasso, Campobasso, Italy; 4Cardiac Rehabilitation Division, Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, IRCCS, Scientific Institute of Veruno, Veruno, Italy; 5Division of Cardiology, Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy
Objectives: To assess pressure injury (PI) incidence among patients hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in an intensive coronary care unit (ICCU) and to detect the impact of specific risk factors on the development of PI in this clinical setting.
Patients and methods: Prospective cohort study in ICCU setting. Patients admitted for AMI: patients mean age 67.5±11.5 years (n=165). Norton Scale, Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), demographic, clinical and biochemical data collected at the time of ICCU admission have been tested in a logistic model to assess the odds ratios (ORs) of PI risk development. The jackknifed area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and the decision curve analysis have been employed to assess the additive predictive value of a factor.
Results: Twenty-seven (16.3%) patients developed PIs. An increased PI risk was associated with advanced age (OR =2.5 every 10-year increase; 95% CI =1.1–5.7), while probability of PI development was reduced in patients with higher left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (OR =0.4 every 5% increase; 95% CI =0.24–0.66), MNA score (OR =0.65 every unit change; 95% CI =0.44–0.95) and Norton Scale score (OR =0.7 every unit change; 95% CI =0.57–0.88). The AUC and the decision curve analysis showed that LVEF inclusion improved the discrimination power and the clinical net benefit of the final model.
Conclusion: Age, LVEF, Norton Scale and MNA scores have a strong and independent clinical value as predictors of in-hospital PI development in patients with AMI. This finding has the potential to improve the clinical management of patients admitted in ICCU.
Keywords: pressure injury, Mini Nutritional Assessment, Norton Scale, acute myocardial systolic dysfunction
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