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Premature coronary artery disease in Indians

Authors Meenakshi Sharma, Nirmal Kumar Ganguly

Published 15 October 2005 Volume 2005:1(3) Pages 217—225

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Meenakshi Sharma, Nirmal Kumar Ganguly

Indian Council of Medical Research, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India

Abstract: Of particular concern to India is not only the high burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), but also the effects of these diseases on the productive workforce aged 35–65 years. Heart diseases are rising in Asian Indians 5–10 years earlier than in other populations around the world. The mean age for first presentation of acute myocardial infarction in Indians is 53 years. Coronary artery disease (CAD) that manifests at a younger age can have devastating consequences for an individual, the family, and society. Prevention of these deaths in young people is a nation’s moral responsibility. A strategy involving prevention of CVDs long before their onset will be more cost-effective than providing interventions at a stage when the disease is well established. We review the rising trends in CAD with particular emphasis on prevalence of premature CAD and the associated risk factors in young Indian CAD patients. Action strategies to reduce the risk are suggested.

Keywords: premature CAD, prevalence, risk factors

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