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Practices of Infection Control Among Dental Care Providers: A Cross Sectional Study

Authors Mahasneh AM, Alakhras M, Khabour OF, Al-Sa'di AG, Al-Mousa DS

Received 4 May 2020

Accepted for publication 23 June 2020

Published 14 July 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 281—289

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CCIDE.S261171

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Christopher E. Okunseri


Arwa M Mahasneh,1 Maram Alakhras,2 Omar F Khabour,3 Amani G Al-Sa’di,4 Dana S Al-Mousa2

1Department of Applied Dental Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan; 2Department of Allied Medical Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan; 3Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Jordan University of Science & Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan; 4Technical Coordination and Consumer Education Section of the Jordanian Food and Drug Administration, Irbid 22110, Jordan

Correspondence: Arwa M Mahasneh
Department of Applied Dental Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, P.O.Box 3030, Irbid 22110, Jordan
Tel + 962796357733
Email ammahasneh@just.edu.jo

Background: A wide range of microorganisms poses a threat to patients and dental care teams. Implementation of safety guidelines is thus essential to prevent infection in dental clinics.
Aim: To investigate the level of infection-control practices among dental health-care providers in Jordan.
Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to dental care providers from hospitals, academic institutions, and dental centres. The questionnaire covered sociodemographic variables, professional characteristics, and recommended guidelines of infection control.
Results: A total of 190 questionnaires were obtained out of 500 distributed questionnnaires (response rate: 38%). Females accounted for 62.6% of the sample and 64.7% were dentists. The majority was vaccinated against hepatitis B (82.1%) and wash their hands as usual behavior before (66.3%) and after (83.2%) treatment. Approximately 87.9% wear gloves and 78.9% wear masks while performing dental procedures. Autoclave sterilization and puncture-resistant containers for sharp instruments were used by 90.5% and 88.4%, respectively. The majority (81.0%) had protocols for emergency treatment of needle stick or other sharps accidents. High volume evacuation was used in 28.6% of public hospitals compared to 19.4% in academic institutions (P< 0.01). In addition, surface barriers for dental unit surfaces were used by 70.2% of private dental clinics, 50% of public hospitals, and 36.1% of academic institutions (P< 0.001). Finally, compared to dentists, dental support staff showed low compliance with infection-control guidelines.
Conclusion: The overall practice of infection-control measures among the participants is very good. Educational programs and training strategies should be implemented to maximize and enhance the compliance of the dental care providers with infection-control guidelines.

Keywords: infection control, dental care providers, vaccination, sterilization, disinfection

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